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    Renal function underpins the cyclooxygenase-2: asymmetric dimethylarginine axis in mouse and man

    Ferreira, Plinio, Vaja, Ricky, Lopes-Pires, Maria, Crescente, Marilena ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3164-512X, Yu, He, Nüsing, Rolf, Liu, Bin, Zhou, Yingbi, Yaqoob, Magdi, Zhang, Anran, Rickman, Matthew, Longhurst, Hilary, White, William E, Knowles, Rebecca B, Chan, Melissa V, Warner, Timothy D, Want, Elizabeth, Kirkby, Nicholas S and Mitchell, Jane A (2023) Renal function underpins the cyclooxygenase-2: asymmetric dimethylarginine axis in mouse and man. Kidney International Reports, 8 (6). pp. 1231-1238. ISSN 2468-0249

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    Introduction: Through the production of prostacyclin, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 protects the cardiorenal system. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), is a biomarker of cardiovascular and renal disease. Here we determined the relationship between COX-2/prostacyclin, ADMA, and renal function in mouse and human models. Methods: We used plasma from COX-2 or prostacyclin synthase knockout mice and from a unique individual lacking COX-derived prostaglandins (PGs) because of a loss of function mutation in cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), before and after receiving a cPLA2-replete transplanted donor kidney. ADMA, arginine, and citrulline were measured using ultra-high performance liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. ADMA and arginine were also measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Renal function was assessed by measuring cystatin C by ELISA. ADMA and prostacyclin release from organotypic kidney slices were also measured by ELISA. Results: Loss of COX-2 or prostacyclin synthase in mice increased plasma levels of ADMA, citrulline, arginine, and cystatin C. ADMA, citrulline, and arginine positively correlated with cystatin C. Plasma ADMA, citrulline, and cystatin C, but not arginine, were elevated in samples from the patient lacking COX/prostacyclin capacity compared to levels in healthy volunteers. Renal function, ADMA, and citrulline were returned toward normal range when the patient received a genetically normal kidney, capable of COX/prostacyclin activity; and cystatin C positively correlated with ADMA and citrulline. Levels of ADMA and prostacyclin in conditioned media of kidney slices were not altered in tissue from COX-2 knockout mice compared to wildtype controls. Conclusion: In human and mouse models, where renal function is compromised because of loss of COX-2/PGI2 signaling, ADMA levels are increased.

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