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    Conductive textiles for signal sensing and technical applications

    Rayhan, Md Golam Sarower, Khan, M Khalid Hasan, Shoily, Mahfuza Tahsin, Rahman, Habibur, Rahman, Md Rakibur, Akon, Md Tusar, Hoque, Mahfuzul, Khan, Md Rayhan, Rifat, Tanvir Rayhan, Tisha, Fahmida Akter, Sumon, Ibrahim Hossain, Fahim, Abdul Wahab, Uddin, Mohammad Abbas and Sayem, Abu Sadat Muhammad (2022) Conductive textiles for signal sensing and technical applications. Signals, 4 (1). pp. 1-39. ISSN 2624-6120

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    Abstract

    Conductive textiles have found notable applications as electrodes and sensors capable of detecting biosignals like the electrocardiogram (ECG), electrogastrogram (EGG), electroencephalogram (EEG), and electromyogram (EMG), etc; other applications include electromagnetic shielding, supercapacitors, and soft robotics. There are several classes of materials that impart conductivity, including polymers, metals, and non-metals. The most significant materials are Polypyrrole (PPy), Polyaniline (PANI), Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), carbon, and metallic nanoparticles. The processes of making conductive textiles include various deposition methods, polymerization, coating, and printing. The parameters, such as conductivity and electromagnetic shielding, are prerequisites that set the benchmark for the performance of conductive textile materials. This review paper focuses on the raw materials that are used for conductive textiles, various approaches that impart conductivity, the fabrication of conductive materials, testing methods of electrical parameters, and key technical applications, challenges, and future potential.

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