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ANIMA D2.11: recommendations from exemplification case studies summary and implications for BP dissemination

Ohlenforst, Barbara, Hooper, Paul ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4681-0183, Heyes, Graeme ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8073-1975, Aalmoes, Roalt, Burtea, Narcisa, Jeram, Sonja, Konovalova, Olena, Rajé, Fiona, Flindell, Ian, Radulescu, Dan, Rahne, Sara, Zaporozhets, Oleksandre, Dragasanu, Luminita, Kuhlmann, Julia, Schreckenberg, Dirk, Peerlings, Bram, Vesel, Claudia and Garcia Sainz-Pardo, Ana (2021) ANIMA D2.11: recommendations from exemplification case studies summary and implications for BP dissemination. Project Report. Aviation Noise Impact Management through novel Approaches (ANIMA).

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Abstract

This study presents the analysis of seven airport exemplification case studies undertaken in the European project “Aviation Noise Impact Management through Novel Approaches – ANIMA”. Best practices related to aircraft noise management at airports in individual airport contexts were implemented and evaluated. Case studies on communication and community engagement in airport noise management were investigated at Heathrow (United Kingdom), Ljubljana (Slovenia) and Rotterdam The Hague (The Netherlands) airports. For Zaporizhzhia (Ukraine) and Iasi (Romania) airports, the implementation of interventions related to land use planning was examined. The interdependencies between noise and emissions were studied for the airport at Cluj (Romania) along with an exploration of key Quality of Life issues. All case studies were performed under the scope of the corresponding national legislation and guidelines. Individual characteristics of airport operations were taken into account. The case studies were aligned with expectations and priorities of all involved stakeholders, such as representatives of airport operators, local communities, civil aviation authorities and policy makers. The efficacy of the noise management case studies was assessed in terms of the capacity to negotiate consensus outcomes, the extent to which noise impact reductions were achieved, and the participants’ satisfaction with the process and outcomes. The case studies revealed the vital importance of community engagement in noise management if decisions are to be accepted and outcomes valued. In general, the earlier this engagement starts in the process of decision-making and implementation the better; although care needs to be taken in the selection of methods of engagement to ensure the tools used are appropriate to the engagement and communication task faced. In this way, overly long engagement should be avoided and with that the risk of increased uncertainty in outcomes. Such engagement should also ensure that decisions and subsequent interventions are tailored to local community concerns reflecting national, regional and cultural differences across Europe.

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