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Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa

Wijayawardene, NN and Hyde, KD and Al-Ani, LKT and Tedersoo, L and Haelewaters, D and Rajeshkumar, KC and Zhao, RL and Aptroot, A and Leontyev, DV and Saxena, RK and Tokarev, YS and Dai, DQ and Letcher, PM and Stephenson, SL and Ertz, D and Lumbsch, HT and Kukwa, M and Issi, IV and Madrid, H and Phillips, AJL and Selbmann, L and Pfliegler, WP and Horváth, E and Bensch, K and Kirk, PM and Kolaríková, K and Raja, HA and Radek, R and Papp, V and Dima, B and Ma, J and Malosso, E and Takamatsu, S and Rambold, G and Gannibal, PB and Triebel, D and Gautam, AK and Avasthi, S and Suetrong, S and Timdal, E and Fryar, SC and Delgado, G and Réblová, M and Doilom, M and Dolatabadi, S and Pawlowska, JZ and Humber, RA and Kodsueb, R and Sánchez-Castro, I and Goto, BT and Silva, DKA and de Souza, FA and Oehl, F and da Silva, GA and Silva, IR and Blaszkowski, J and Jobim, K and Maia, LC and Barbosa, FR and Fiuza, PO and Divakar, PK and Shenoy, BD and Castañeda-Ruiz, RF and Somrithipol, S and Lateef, AA and Karunarathna, SC and Tibpromma, S and Mortimer, PE and Wanasinghe, DN and Phookamsak, R and Xu, J and Wang, Y and Tian, F and Alvarado, P and Li, DW and Kušan, I and Matocec, N and Mešic, A and Tkalcec, Z and Maharachchikumbura, SSN and Papizadeh, M and Heredia, G and Wartchow, F and Bakhshi, M and Boehm, E and Youssef, N and Hustad, VP and Lawrey, JD and Santiago, ALCMA and Bezerra, JDP and Souza-Motta, CM and Firmino, AL and Tian, Q and Houbraken, J and Hongsanan, S and Tanaka, K and Dissanayake, AJ and Monteiro, JS and Grossart, HP and Suija, A (2020) Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa. Mycosphere Online: Journal of Fungal Biology, 11 (1). pp. 1060-1456. ISSN 2077-7019


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This article provides an outline of the classification of the kingdom Fungi (including fossil fungi. i.e. dispersed spores, mycelia, sporophores, mycorrhizas). We treat 19 phyla of fungi. These are Aphelidiomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiobolomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Caulochytriomycota, Chytridiomycota, Entomophthoromycota, Entorrhizomycota, Glomeromycota, Kickxellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Mortierellomycota, Mucoromycota, Neocallimastigomycota, Olpidiomycota, Rozellomycota and Zoopagomycota. The placement of all fungal genera is provided at the class-, order- and family-level. The described number of species per genus is also given. Notes are provided of taxa for which recent changes or disagreements have been presented. Fungus-like taxa that were traditionally treated as fungi are also incorporated in this outline (i.e. Eumycetozoa, Dictyosteliomycetes, Ceratiomyxomycetes and Myxomycetes). Four new taxa are introduced: Amblyosporida ord. nov. Neopereziida ord. nov. and Ovavesiculida ord. nov. in Rozellomycota, and Protosporangiaceae fam. nov. in Dictyosteliomycetes. Two different classifications (in outline section and in discussion) are provided for Glomeromycota and Leotiomycetes based on recent studies. The phylogenetic reconstruction of a four-gene dataset (18S and 28S rRNA, RPB1, RPB2) of 433 taxa is presented, including all currently described orders of fungi.

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