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Sustainable aromatic aliphatic polyesters and polyurethanes prepared from vanillin-derived diols via green catalysis

Zhao, C and Huang, C and Chen, Q and Ingram, IDV and Zeng, X and Ren, T and Xie, H (2020) Sustainable aromatic aliphatic polyesters and polyurethanes prepared from vanillin-derived diols via green catalysis. Polymers, 12 (3). ISSN 2073-4360

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Abstract

The design and preparation of polymers by using biobased chemicals is regarded as an important strategy towards a sustainable polymer chemistry. Herein, two aromatic diols, 4-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxyphenol and 2-(4-(hydroxymethyl)-2-methoxyphenoxy)ethanol, have been prepared in good yields through the direct reduction of vanillin and hydroxyethylated vanillin (4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-3-methoxybenzaldehyde) using NaBH4, respectively. The diols were submitted to traditional polycondensation and polyaddition with acyl chlorides and diisocyanatos, and serials of new polyesters and polyurethanes were prepared in high yields with moderate molecular weight ranging from 17,000 to 40,000 g mol . Their structures were characterized by H NMR, C NMR and FTIR, and their thermal properties were studied by TGA and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), indicating that the as-prepared polyesters and polyurethanes have T in the range of 16.2 to 81.2 °C and 11.6 to 80.4 °C, respectively. -1 1 13 g

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