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Machine Learning-based Efficient and Secure RSU Placement Mechanism for Software Defined-IoV

Anbalagan, S and Bashir, AK and Raja, G and Dhanasekaran, P and Vijayaraghavan, G and Tariq, U and Guizani, M (2021) Machine Learning-based Efficient and Secure RSU Placement Mechanism for Software Defined-IoV. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. ISSN 2327-4662

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Restricted to Repository staff only until 30 March 2023.

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Abstract

The massive increase in computing and network capabilities has resulted in a paradigm shift from vehicular networks to the Internet of Vehicles (IoV). Owing to the dynamic and heterogeneous nature of IoV, it requires efficient resource management using smart technologies such as Software Defined Network (SDN), Machine Learning (ML), and so on. Road Side Units (RSUs) in Software Defined-IoV (SD-IoV) networks are responsible for network efficiency and offer several safety functions. However, it is not viable to deploy enough RSUs, and also the existing RSU placement lacks universal coverage within a region. Further, any disruption in network performance or security impacts vehicular activities severely. Thus, this work aims to improve network efficiency through optimal RSU placement and enhance security with a malicious IoV detection algorithm in an SD-IoV network. Therefore, the Memetic-based RSU (M-RSU) placement algorithm is proposed to reduce communication delay and increase the coverage area among IoV devices through an optimum RSU deployment. Besides the M-RSU algorithm, the work also proposes a Distributed ML (DML)-based Intrusion Detection System (IDS) that prevents the SD-IoV network from disastrous security failures. The simulation results show that M-RSU placement reduces the transmission delay. The DML-based IDS detects the malicious IoV with an accuracy of 89.82% compared to traditional ML algorithms.

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