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Hyperpolarisation of Mirfentanil by SABRE in the Presence of Heroin

Robertson, TBR and Gilbert, N and Sutcliffe, OB and Mewis, RE (2021) Hyperpolarisation of Mirfentanil by SABRE in the Presence of Heroin. ChemPhysChem. ISSN 1439-4235

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Abstract

Mirfentanil, a fentanyl derivative that is a μ-opioid partial agonist, is hyperpolarised via Signal Amplification By Reversible Exchange (SABRE), a para-hydrogen-based technique. [Ir(IMes)(COD)Cl] (IMes=1,3-bis(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazole-2-ylidene, COD=cyclooctadiene) was employed as the polarisation transfer catalyst. Following polarisation transfer at 6.5 mT, the pyrazine-protons were enhanced by 78-fold (polarisation, P=0.04 %). The complex [Ir(IMes)(H) (mirfentanil) (MeOH)] is proposed to form based on the observation of two hydrides at δ −22.9 (trans to mirfentanil) and −24.7 (trans to methanol). In a mixture of mirfentanil and heroin, the former could be detected using SABRE at concentrations less than 1 % w/w. At the lowest concentration analyzed, the amount of mirfentanil present was 0.18 mg (812 μM) and produced a signal enhancement of −867-fold (P=0.42 %). following polarisation transfer at 6.5 mT. 2 2 +

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