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A history of opioid exposure in females increases the risk of metabolic disorders in their future male offspring

Toorie, AM and Vassoler, FM and Qu, F and Schonhoff, CM and Bradburn, S and Murgatroyd, CA and Slonim, DK and Byrnes, EM (2019) A history of opioid exposure in females increases the risk of metabolic disorders in their future male offspring. Addiction Biology. ISSN 1355-6215

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Abstract

© 2019 Society for the Study of Addiction Worldwide consumption of opioids remains at historic levels. Preclinical studies report intergenerational effects on the endogenous opioid system of future progeny following preconception morphine exposure. Given the role of endogenous opioids in energy homeostasis, such effects could impact metabolism in the next generation. Thus, we examined diet-induced modifications in F1 male progeny of morphine-exposed female rats (MORF1). When fed a high fat-sugar diet (FSD) for 6 weeks, MORF1 males display features of emerging metabolic syndrome; they consume more food, gain more weight, and develop fasting-induced hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia. In the hypothalamus, proteins involved in energy homeostasis are modified and RNA sequencing revealed down-regulation of genes associated with neuronal plasticity, coupled with up-regulation of genes associated with immune, inflammatory, and metabolic processes that are specific to FSD-maintained MORF1 males. Thus, limited preconception morphine exposure in female rats increases the risk of metabolic syndrome/type 2 diabetes in the next generation.

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