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Sociocultural aspects of takeaway food consumption in a low-socioeconomic ward in Manchester: A grounded theory study

Blow, J and Patel, S and Davies, IG and Gregg, R (2019) Sociocultural aspects of takeaway food consumption in a low-socioeconomic ward in Manchester: A grounded theory study. BMJ Open, 9 (3). ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

© 2019 Author(s). Objectives Takeaway foods form a growing proportion of the UK diet. This consumption is linked with poor health outcomes due to their adverse nutritional profile. However, there is little research regarding the sociocultural context surrounding the consumption of takeaway meals. This research aimed to explore the sociocultural factors that influence the consumption of takeaway foods. Design The study employed constructivist grounded theory (GT) methodology. Data were collected using one-to-one semi-structured interviews from an inner-city area of Manchester (Rusholme). Data sorting and analysis was implemented using the GT constant comparative method. Setting Rusholme, Manchester, UK. Participants Adult participants (aged 18 to 65 years) consuming takeaway meals at least once/month were recruited using social media and community settings. Results 13 participants were interviewed (female 69%, mean age=38 years). Three superordinate themes were derived from data: social factors, personal factors and resources. Social Factors included the influence of routines and traditions, influential others and a sense of community in the bonding and affirming of relationships. Personal Factors explored the subordinate themes of controlling damage and values relating to food choice. The third theme Resources' included time, availability, cost and quality. Conclusion This study shows the sociocultural influences on food choice decisions are complex and may go beyond access and availability. Any policy change to limit takeaway consumption should acknowledge these vital processes in food choice to inform targeted effective approaches.

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