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    Facilitating memory with hypnosis, focused meditation, and eye closure

    Wheatcroft, Jacqueline M., Wagstaff, Graham, Brunas-Wagstaff, Joana and Cole, Jon (2004) Facilitating memory with hypnosis, focused meditation, and eye closure. International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis, 52 (4). pp. 434-455. ISSN 1744-5183

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    Three experiments examined some features of hypnotic induction that might be useful in the development of brief memory-facilitation procedures. The first involved a hypnosis procedure designed to facilitate face identification; the second employed a brief, focused-meditation (FM) procedure, with and without eye closure, designed to facilitate memory for an emotional event. The third experiment was a check for simple motivation and expectancy effects. Limited facilitation effects were found for hypnosis, but these were accompanied by increased confidence in incorrect responses. However, eye closure and FM were effective in facilitating free recall of an event without an increase in errors. FM reduced phonemic fluency, suggesting that the effectiveness of FM was not due to simple changes in expectancy or motivation.

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