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    Retention of oral microorganisms on cobalt-chromium alloy and dental acrylic resin with different surface finishes.

    Taylor, Rebecca L., Maryan, Chris and Verran, Joanna (1998) Retention of oral microorganisms on cobalt-chromium alloy and dental acrylic resin with different surface finishes. Journal of prosthetic dentistry, 80 (5). pp. 592-7. ISSN 0022-3913

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    Abstract

    STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The effect of surface finish of dental materials on the subsequent contamination by microorganisms. PURPOSE: This study compared the retention of Streptococcus oralis, Actinomyces viscosus, and Candida albicans on polished, sandblasted (fine and coarse) and electrobrightened cobalt-chromium alloy and dental acrylic resin to assess in vitro the effect of such techniques on prosthesis contamination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standardized cell suspensions were incubated with test materials for 1 hour at 37 degrees C, after which retained cells were counted by using image analysis (percentage area of a microscopic field covered by cells). RESULTS: Retention of bacterial cells was substantial (S oralis 12% to 20% and A viscosus 9% to 16%) irrespective of surface finish. Maximal retention was observed on cobalt-chromium alloy that had undergone fine sandblasting and electrobrightening (P < .01). For C albicans, an increase in surface roughness (0.15 to 3.53 microns) resulted in an increase in retention (3% to 9%). CONCLUSION: Cell size and the type of roughening significantly affected the retention of microorganisms on surfaces. Electrobrightening of cobalt-chromium alloy did not reduce the surface roughness or subsequent cell attachment.

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