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    Photocatalytic surfaces: environmental benefits of Nanotitania

    Allen, Norman S., Edge, Michele, Verran, Joanna, Caballero, Lucia, Abrusci, Conception, Stratton, John, Maltby, Julie and Bygott, Claire (2009) Photocatalytic surfaces: environmental benefits of Nanotitania. The Open Materials Science Journal, 3. pp. 6-27. ISSN 1874-088X

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    Abstract

    The use of photocatalytic titania nanoparticles in the development of self-cleaning and depolluting paints and microbiological surfaces is demonstrated. In the former case surface erosion and sensitised photooxidation is shown to be controlled by the use of catalytic grades of anatase nanoparticles. For environmental applications in the development of coatings and cementitious materials for destroying atmospheric pollutants such as nitrogen oxides (NOX) stable substrates are also illustrated with photocatalytic nanoparticles. Here porosity of the coatings through calcium carbonate doping is shown to be crucial in the control of the effective destruction of atmospheric NOX gases. Good environmental stability of the coatings is also crucial for long term durability and this aspect is examined for a variety of material substrates. For the development of microbiological substrates for the destruction of harmful bacteria/fungi effective nanoparticle anatase titania is shown to be important with hydrated high surface area particles giving the greatest activity. Data from commercial pilot studies is used to signify the important practicalities of this type of new technology.

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