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    HSD85 Patterns and Correlates of Physical Activity Among Nigerian Community-Dwelling Older Adults

    Mbada, C ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3666-7432, Afolabi, A, Ogundeji, I, Afolabi, T, Igwe, C, Omileye, A, Niyi-Odumosu, F, Gebrye, T ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7976-2013, Faronbi, J and Fatoye, F ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3502-3953 (2023) HSD85 Patterns and Correlates of Physical Activity Among Nigerian Community-Dwelling Older Adults. In: ISPOR Europe 2023, 11 November 2023 - 15 November 2023, Bella Center Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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    Abstract

    Objectives This study aimed to assess the level and correlates of Physical Activity (PA) among Nigerian community-dwelling older adults. Methods Older adults who were 65 years and older participated in the cross-sectional study. Physical activity was assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire for the Elderly (IPAQ-E) and Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), respectively. Correlates of PA were assessed in terms of functional status (using Katz Index Independence of Daily Living Questionnaire), psychosocial variables (depressive symptoms and quality of life (QoL), using Older People Quality of Life-Brief Questionnaire and Geriatric Depression Scale) and socio-demographic factors (age and gender). Descriptive statistics was used to summarise data. Bivariate analysis of the Chi-Square test of association and Pearson’s correlation were used to determine correlations between variables, while logistic regression was used to predict PA from the selected correlates. Results A total of 246 respondents who were within the 66-75years (58.9%) and were mostly females (65%) participated in this study. Based on IPAQ-E, the mean PA for walking, moderate and vigorous activity were 1177.8 ± 1195.9 metabolic equivalents (METs), 1128.5 ± 1738.9METs, and 6.99 ± 51.71 METs respectively. Rates for low, moderate, and high levels of PA were 21.1%, 51.6%, and 27.2% respectively. However, based on PASE, the PA level by type were moderate (17.9%) and low (82.1%). The mean scores for QoL and depression were 45.72 ± 7.14 and 6.48±2.27. A majority (68.7%) of the respondents had higher QoL, and mild depression symptoms (54.1%). PA was significantly correlated with age (r=16.799,p=0.02) based on IPAQ-E, gender (r=3.842, p=0.050) based on PASE, QoL (ᵡ2= 9.817, p=0.010) and instrumental activity of daily living (ᵡ2=17.125,p=0.002) based on IPAQ-E. Conclusions Nigerian community-dwelling older adults engaged in low-to-moderate PA and had high QoL and mild depression symptoms. There is need for effective PA interventions that is sensitive to socio-demographic profile.

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