e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

    Effect of repeated firing on the topographical, optical, and mechanical properties of fully crystallized lithium silicate-based ceramics

    Al-Johani, Hanan, Haider, Julfikar ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7010-8285, Silikas, Nick ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4576-4584 and Satterthwaite, Julian (2024) Effect of repeated firing on the topographical, optical, and mechanical properties of fully crystallized lithium silicate-based ceramics. The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 131 (4). 741e.1-741.e11. ISSN 0022-3913

    [img]
    Preview
    Published Version
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (1MB) | Preview

    Abstract

    Statement of problem The influence of different firing protocols on the topographical, optical, and mechanical properties of fully crystallized computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) lithium silicate-based glass-ceramics (LSCs) for dental restorations remains unclear. Purpose The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of different firing regimens on the surface roughness, gloss, Martens hardness, indentation modulus, biaxial flexural strength, and crystalline structure of fully crystallized CAD-CAM LSCs and the effect of their interposition on the irradiance of a light-polymerization unit. Material and methods Three fully crystallized CAD-CAM LSC blocks were evaluated (N=150): lithium disilicate (Initial LiSi Blocks; LS), zirconia-reinforced silicate (Celtra Duo; CD), and lithium aluminum disilicate (CEREC Tessera; CT). Specimens were allocated to 5 subgroups according to their firing protocol. LSC roughness (Sa) was measured with an optical profilometer, and gloss (GU) was detected with a gloss meter. Martens hardness (HM) and indentation modulus (EIT) data were obtained from a hardness testing machine. The irradiance of a light-polymerization unit and transmittance of LSCs were measured with an instrument (Managing Accurate Resin Curing-Light Collector; BlueLight analytics, Inc) subsequent to ceramic interposition. Crystalline phases were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, and biaxial flexural strength (σ) was determined by the ball-on-3-ball method in a universal testing machine followed by Weibull analysis to calculate characteristic strength (σ0) and Weibull modulus (m). Two-way ANOVA and Tukey HSD post hoc tests (α=.05) were used to analyze the data. Results Statistically significant differences were found among different treatment groups based on Sa, GU, HM, and EIT values (P<.001). Delivered irradiance was significantly reduced following CT (P<.01) and glazed LSC (P<.005) interposition. CD displayed highest biaxial flexural strength and reliability after 1 firing cycle (σ=568.2 MPa, m=16.8) Conclusions The type of material and firing regimens had a significant effect on the topographical, optical, and mechanical properties of fully crystallized CAD-CAM LSCs. Glazing significantly reduced delivered irradiance, Martens hardness, and biaxial flexural strength.

    Impact and Reach

    Statistics

    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    9Downloads
    6 month trend
    83Hits

    Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

    Altmetric

    Repository staff only

    Edit record Edit record