e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

    Seasonal variations in vitamin D do not change the musculoskeletal health of physically active ambulatory men with cerebral palsy: a longitudinal cross-sectional comparison study

    Langley, CK ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3572-467X, Pearson, Gladys ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1466-3265, Sims, DT, Hussain, A, Mohindra, RK, Kershaw, BL and Morse, CI ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5261-2637 (2023) Seasonal variations in vitamin D do not change the musculoskeletal health of physically active ambulatory men with cerebral palsy: a longitudinal cross-sectional comparison study. Nutrition Research, 111. pp. 24-33. ISSN 0271-5317

    [img]
    Preview
    Published Version
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (858kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    Increased levels of vitamin D in the summer months from natural seasonal variations in sun exposure have been linked to improvements in musculoskeletal health and function in UK populations; however, studies have shown that differences in lifestyles because of disability can inhibit the natural vitamin D increase in these populations. We hypothesized that men with cerebral palsy (CP) will experience smaller increases in 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) from winter to summer and men with CP will not experience any improvements in musculoskeletal health and function during the summer. A longitudinal observational study in 16 ambulant men with CP aged 21.0 ± 1.3 years and 16 healthy, physical activity matched, typically developed controls aged 25.4 ± 2.6 years, completed assessments of serum 25(OH)D and parathyroid hormone during winter and summer. Neuromuscular outcomes included vastus lateralis size, knee extensor strength, 10-m sprint, vertical jumps, and grip strength. Bone ultrasounds were performed to obtain radius and tibia T and Z scores. Men with CP and typically developed controls showed a 70.5% and 85.7% increase in serum 25(OH)D from winter to summer months, respectively. Neither group showed seasonal effect on neuromuscular outcomes muscle strength, size, vertical jump, or tibia and radius T and Z scores. A seasonal interaction effect was seen in the tibia T and Z scores (P < .05). In conclusion, there were similar seasonal increases in 25(OH)D observed in men with CP and typically developed controls, but serum 25(OH)D levels were still considered insufficient to improve bone or neuromuscular outcomes.

    Impact and Reach

    Statistics

    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    21Downloads
    6 month trend
    15Hits

    Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

    Altmetric

    Repository staff only

    Edit record Edit record