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    Connecting the multiple dimensions of global soil fungal diversity

    Mikryukov, Vladimir ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2786-2690, Dulya, Olesya ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7185-8659, Zizka, Alexander ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1680-9192, Bahram, Mohammad ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9539-3307, Hagh-Doust, Niloufar ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0616-5829, Anslan, Sten ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2299-454X, Prylutskyi, Oleh ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5730-517X, Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6499-576X, Maestre, Fernando T ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7434-4856, Nilsson, Henrik ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8052-0107, Pärn, Jaan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6507-8894, Öpik, Maarja ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8025-7460, Moora, Mari ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4819-7506, Zobel, Martin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7957-6704, Espenberg, Mikk ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0469-6394, Mander, Ülo ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2340-6989, Khalid, Abdul Nasir ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5635-8031, Corrales, Adriana ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9885-4634, Agan, Ahto ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9010-8944, Vasco-Palacios, Aída-M ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0539-9711, Saitta, Alessandro, Rinaldi, Andrea ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9352-1037, Verbeken, Annemieke ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6266-3091, Sulistyo, Bobby, Tamgnoue, Boris, Furneaux, Brendan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3522-7363, Duarte Ritter, Camila ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3371-7425, Nyamukondiwa, Casper ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0395-4980, Sharp, Cathy ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0003-4985-1543, Marín, César ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2529-8929, Gohar, Daniyal, Klavina, Darta ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1455-9062, Sharmah, Dipon, Dai, Dong-Qin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8935-8807, Nouhra, Eduardo ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7080-8211, Biersma, Elisabeth Machteld ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9877-2177, Rähn, Elisabeth ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0005-5521-4772, Cameron, Erin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3374-9830, De Crop, Eske ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9067-6981, Otsing, Eveli ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7416-257X, Davydov, Evgeny ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2316-8506, Albornoz, Felipe ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9526-0945, Brearley, Francis ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5053-5693, Buegger, Franz ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3526-4711, Zahn, Geoffrey ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8691-692X, Bonito, Gregory ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7262-8978, Hiiesalu, Inga ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5457-2376, Barrio, Isabel ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8120-5248, Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4713-6004, Ankuda, Jelena, Doležal, Jiri ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5829-4051, Kupagme, John ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9981-050X, Maciá-Vicente, Jose ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7174-7270, Djeugap Fovo, Joseph, Geml, József ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8745-0423, Alatalo, Juha ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5084-850X, Alvarez-Manjarrez, Julieta ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5581-7443, Põldmaa, Kadri ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7936-2455, Runnel, Kadri ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7308-3623, Adamson, Kalev, Bråthen, Kari-Anne ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0942-1074, Pritsch, Karin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6384-2473, Tchan Issifou, Kassim, Armolaitis, Kęstutis, Hyde, Kevin, Newsham, Kevin K ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9108-0936, Panksep, Kristel ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4743-6111, Lateef, Adebola Azeez ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0510-7996, Hansson, Linda, Lamit, Louis ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0385-6010, Saba, Malka, Tuomi, Maria ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7154-5177, Gryzenhout, Marieka ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9224-4277, Bauters, Marijn ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0978-6639, Piepenbring, Meike, Wijayawardene, Nalin N., Yorou, Nourou ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6997-811X, Kurina, Olavi ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4858-4629, Mortimer, Peter ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3188-9327, Meidl, Peter, Kohout, Petr ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3985-2310, Puusepp, Rasmus ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0617-3776, Drenkhan, Rein, Garibay-Orijel, Roberto ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6977-7550, Godoy, Roberto ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3719-3091, Alkahtani, Saad ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7381-5110, Rahimlou, Saleh ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0427-1329, Dudov, Sergey ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1512-0956, Põlme, Sergei, Ghosh, Soumya ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4945-3516, Mundra, Sunil ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0535-118X, Ahmed, Talaat ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8022-1855, Netherway, Tarquin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9049-9225, Henkel, Terry ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9760-8837, Roslin, Tomas ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2957-4791, Nteziryayo, Vincent ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0176-5780, Fedosov, Vladimir ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5331-6346, Onipchenko, Vladimir, Yasanthika, Weeragalle Arachchillage Erandi, Lim, Young ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2864-3449, Nuland, Michael Van, Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda, Antonelli, Alexandre, Kõljalg, Urmas, Abarenkov, Kessy and Tedersoo, Leho (2023) Connecting the multiple dimensions of global soil fungal diversity. Science Advances, 9 (48). eadj8016. ISSN 2375-2548

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    Abstract

    How the multiple facets of soil fungal diversity vary worldwide remains virtually unknown, hindering the management of this essential species-rich group. By sequencing high-resolution DNA markers in over 4000 topsoil samples from natural and human-altered ecosystems across all continents, we illustrate the distributions and drivers of different levels of taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity of fungi and their ecological groups. We show the impact of precipitation and temperature interactions on local fungal species richness (alpha diversity) across different climates. Our findings reveal how temperature drives fungal compositional turnover (beta diversity) and phylogenetic diversity, linking them with regional species richness (gamma diversity). We integrate fungi into the principles of global biodiversity distribution and present detailed maps for biodiversity conservation and modeling of global ecological processes.

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