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    VEGFA rs2010963 GG genotype is associated with superior adaptations to resistance versus endurance training in the same group of healthy, young men

    Boidin, M ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1522-1223, Dawson, EA, Thijssen, DHJ and Erskine, RM (2023) VEGFA rs2010963 GG genotype is associated with superior adaptations to resistance versus endurance training in the same group of healthy, young men. Molecular Genetics and Genomics, 298 (1). pp. 119-129. ISSN 1617-4615

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    Abstract

    Purpose: We used a within-subject, cross-over study to determine the relationship between the intra-individual adaptations to four weeks’ resistance (RT) versus four weeks’ endurance (END) training, and we investigated whether three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were associated with these adaptations. Methods: Thirty untrained, healthy, young men completed a cycling test to exhaustion to determine peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak), and a knee extension (KE) maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) of the right leg before and after four weeks’ supervised RT (four sets of 10 repetitions at 80% single repetition maximum unilateral KE exercise, three times weekly) and four weeks’ supervised END (30 min combined continuous/interval cycling, three times weekly), separated by a three-week washout phase. Participants were genotyped for the ACTN3 rs1815739, NOS3 rs2070744 and VEGFA rs2010963 SNPs. Results: The intra-individual adaptations regarding percentage changes in MVIC force and V̇O2peak following RT and END, respectively, were unrelated (r2 = 0.003; P = 0.79). However, a VEGFA genotype × training modality interaction (P = 0.007) demonstrated that VEGFA GG homozygotes increased their MVIC force after RT (+ 20.9 ± 13.2%) more than they increased their V̇O2peak after END (+ 8.4 ± 9.1%, P = 0.005), and more than VEGFA C-allele carriers increased their MVIC force after RT (+ 12.2 ± 8.1%, P = 0.04). There were no genotype × training modality interactions for the ACTN3 or NOS3 SNPs. Conclusion: High/low responders to RT were not consequently high/low responders to END or vice versa. However, preferential adaptation of VEGFA rs2010963 GG homozygotes to RT over END, and their greater adaptation to RT compared to VEGFA C-allele carriers, indicate a novel genetic predisposition for superior RT adaptation.

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