Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

    The Role of Supervision in Resistance Training; an Exploratory Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Fisher, James, Steele, James, Wolf, Milo, Androulakis Korakakis, Patroklos, Smith, Dave ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3711-4381 and Giessing, Jürgen (2022) The Role of Supervision in Resistance Training; an Exploratory Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Strength and Conditioning, 2 (1). ISSN 2634-2235

    Published Version
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (2MB) | Preview


    Background: Since many people choose to perform resistance training unsupervised, and a lack of supervision within strength training is reported to result in inadequate workout quality, we aimed to compare outcomes for resistance training with and without supervision. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed for performance/functional outcomes and/or body composition measurements. Results: 12 studies were included in the review; 301 and 276 participants were in supervised and unsupervised groups, respectively. The main model for all performance/function effects revealed a small, standardised point estimate favouring SUP (0.28 [95%CI = 0.02 to 0.55]). For sub-grouped outcome types, there was very poor precision of robust estimates for speed, power, function, and endurance. However, for strength there was a moderate effect favouring SUP (0.40 [95%CI = 0.06 to 0.74]). The main model for all body composition effects revealed a trivial standardised point estimate favouring SUP (0.07 [95%CI = -0.01 to 0.15]). Conclusions: Supervised resistance training, compared to unsupervised training, might produce a small effect on increases in performance/function, most likely in strength, but has little impact on body composition outcomes.

    Impact and Reach


    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    6 month trend

    Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.


    Repository staff only

    Edit record Edit record