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    Validation of the Spanish Version of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale

    Fasce, A, Avendaño, D, Dagnall, N ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0657-7604, Denovan, A ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9082-7225 and Escolà-Gascón, Á (2022) Validation of the Spanish Version of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 25 (3). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1138-7416

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    Abstract

    Theorists acknowledge that conspiracy beliefs represent an established psychological construct. The study of conspiracy beliefs is important because allied ideation potentially influences everyday attitudes and behaviors across a range of domains (i.e., cognitive, social, cross-cultural, and political psychology). In this article, we analyze the internal structure and construct validity of the Spanish adaptation of the Generic Conspiracist Beliefs Scale (GCBS). Correlational and confirmatory factor analyses using an international sample of 732 Spanish-speakers revealed a five-factor structure equivalent to the original instrument. Convergent validity was demonstrated using educational level, political orientation, need for uniqueness, and four social axioms (social cynicism, religiosity, reward for application, and fate control). In comparison to two English samples (N = 794 and N = 421), the adaptation demonstrated satisfactory, although restricted, levels of invariance. Accordingly, findings support the use of this translated form of the GCBS with Spanish speakers.

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