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    Exploiting tweet sentiments in altmetrics large-scale data

    Hassan, Saeed-Ul, Aljohani, Naif Radi, Tarar, Usman Iqbal, Safder, Iqra, Sarwar, Raheem ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0640-807X, Alelyani, Salem and Nawaz, Raheel (2023) Exploiting tweet sentiments in altmetrics large-scale data. Journal of Information Science, 49 (5). pp. 1229-1245. ISSN 0165-5515

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    Abstract

    This article aims to exploit social exchanges on scientific literature, specifically tweets, to analyse social media users’ sentiments towards publications within a research field. First, we employ the SentiStrength tool, extended with newly created lexicon terms, to classify the sentiments of 6,482,260 tweets associated with 1,083,535 publications provided by Altmetric.com. Then, we propose harmonic means-based statistical measures to generate a specialised lexicon, using positive and negative sentiment scores and frequency metrics. Next, we adopt a novel article-level summarisation approach to domain-level sentiment analysis to gauge the opinion of social media users on Twitter about the scientific literature. Last, we propose and employ an aspect-based analytical approach to mine users’ expressions relating to various aspects of the article, such as tweets on its title, abstract, methodology, conclusion or results section. We show that research communities exhibit dissimilar sentiments towards their respective fields. The analysis of the field-wise distribution of article aspects shows that in Medicine, Economics, Business and Decision Sciences, tweet aspects are focused on the results section. In contrast, in Physics and Astronomy, Materials Sciences and Computer Science, these aspects are focused on the methodology section. Overall, the study helps us to understand the sentiments of online social exchanges of the scientific community on scientific literature. Specifically, such a fine-grained analysis may help research communities in improving their social media exchanges about the scientific articles to disseminate their scientific findings effectively and to further increase their societal impact.

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