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    Trajectory analysis of the work and life experience of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal qualitative study

    Zhu, Pingting, Qian, Meiyan, Lee, Amanda ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1378-3123, Hayter, Mark ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2537-8355, Wang, Wen, Shi, Guanghui, Wu, Qiwei, Ji, Qiaoying, Gu, Xinyue, Zhang, Hui and Ding, Yinwen (2023) Trajectory analysis of the work and life experience of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal qualitative study. BMC Nursing, 22. 333. ISSN 1472-6955

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    Abstract

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a global health threat and has had a profoundly negative impact on the work and lives of healthcare workers. However, few people know how their experiences have evolved over time. Aims: To describe healthcare workers’ experiences during clinical responses to COVID-19 and how they changed over time. Design: A longitudinal qualitative study Methods: We undertook a series of four semi-structured qualitative interviews of 14 healthcare workers called as 1st responders to the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants were recruited through purposive snowball sampling. Interviews were undertaken between May 2020 and May 2022 and trajectory approach was used to reveal individual experiences over time. This paper follows the COREQ (Consolidated criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research) guidance. Results: We revealed four themes across the timelines: (1) Changes in emotions; (2) Changes in organization and management of care; (3) Changes in knowledge and capabilities; and (4) Changes in outlook on life and career. Conclusion: Healthcare workers have become stronger in the pandemic and have demonstrated a high degree of professional loyalty and responsibility. However, there is a need to focus on the issue of jealousy and create a harmonious and safe work environment to reduce harm to healthcare workers. Additionally, human resource management strategies must support well-being of healthcare workers and maximize the efficiency of human resource utilization to enable them to respond to current and future needs and emergencies.

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