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    Characterizing employees with primary and secondary caregiving responsibilities: informal care provision in Malaysia

    Chan, Caryn Mei Hsien, Siau, Ching Sin, Wong, Jyh Eiin, Yahya, Noorazrul, Azmi, Nor Aniza, Chu, Shin Ying, Ahmad, Mahadir, Chong, Agnes Shu Sze, Wee, Lei Hum and Tan, Jo-Pei ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0555-7348 (2023) Characterizing employees with primary and secondary caregiving responsibilities: informal care provision in Malaysia. Healthcare, 11 (14). p. 2033. ISSN 2227-9032

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    Abstract

    There is a need to determine the extent to which Malaysian employees reconcile both paid employment and informal care provision. We examined data from the Malaysia’s Healthiest Workplace via AIA Vitality Online Survey 2019 (N = 17,286). A multivariate multinomial regression was conducted to examine characteristics for the following groups: primary caregiver of a child or disabled child, primary caregiver of a disabled adult or elderly individual, primary caregiver for both children and elderly, as well as secondary caregivers. Respondent mean age ± SD was 34.76 ± 9.31, with 49.6% (n = 8573), identifying as either a primary or secondary caregiver to at least one child under 18 years, an elderly individual, or both. Males (n = 6957; 40.2%) had higher odds of being primary caregivers to children (OR 2.06; 95% CI 1.85–2.30), elderly (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.09–1.41) and both children and elderly (OR 1.87; 95% CI 1.57–2.22). However, males were less likely to be secondary caregivers than females (OR 0.61; 95% CI 0.53–0.71). Our results highlight the differences in characteristics of employees engaged in informal care provision, and to a lesser degree, the extent to which mid-life individual employees are sandwiched into caring for children and/or the elderly.

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