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    The impact of COVID-19 related lockdown restrictions on musculoskeletal health: a systematic review

    Gebrye, Tadesse ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7976-2013, Niyi-Odumosu, Faatihah, Lawoe, Joyceline, Mbada, Chidozie ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3666-7432 and Fatoye, Francis ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3502-3953 (2023) The impact of COVID-19 related lockdown restrictions on musculoskeletal health: a systematic review. Rheumatology International. ISSN 0172-8172

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    Background: There is limited empirical evidence on whether Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) related lockdown restrictions precipitate or perpetuate musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders. This study was aimed to synthesis literature that assessed the impact of COVID-19 related lockdown restrictions on MSK health. Methods: A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), Web of Science, and Scopus databases. Studies meeting the following criteria were included in the review: the condition being considered was MSK health, the intervention was COVID-19 related lockdown restrictions, cross sectional studies, cohort studies, case controlled, prospective studies and retrospective studies. Data were extracted by 2 independent researchers. Risk of bias was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale. Evidence from included studies was summarised using narrative synthesis. Results: Fourteen studies comprising 22,471 participants of the general population from Turkey (n = 5), Italy (n =1), Poland (n = 1), Australia (n = 2), Jordan (n = 1), Bangladesh (n = 1), Estonia (n = 1), the Netherlands (n = 1) and Saudi Arabia (n = 1) have met the inclusion criteria. The sample size of populations studied ranged from 91 to 1054. The included studies used questionnaire, visual analogic scale, or growth mixture modelling. Except for one study, all the included studies reported increased prevalence and incidence of MSK disorders due to COVID-19 related lockdown restrictions. Conclusion: The findings suggest that COVID-19 related lockdown restriction led to increased MSK disorders. Home-based strategies such as physical activity programmes and ergonomic workspace could potentially guide public health authorities to avoid MSK health problem.

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