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    Identifying soccer teams’ styles of play: a scoping and critical review

    Plakias, Spyridon, Moustakidis, Serafeim, Kokkotis, Christos, Tsatalas, Themistoklis, Papalexi, Marina ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1125-7015, Plakias, Dionysios, Giakas, Giannis and Tsaopoulos, Dimitrios (2023) Identifying soccer teams’ styles of play: a scoping and critical review. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, 8 (2). p. 39. ISSN 2411-5142

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    Identifying and measuring soccer playing styles is a very important step toward a more effective performance analysis. Exploring the different game styles that a team can adopt to enable a great performance remains under-researched. To address this challenge and identify new directions in future research in the area, this paper conducted a critical review of 40 research articles that met specific criteria. Following the 22-item Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines, this scoping review searched for literature on Google Scholar and Pub Med database. The descriptive and thematic analysis found that the objectives of the identified papers can be classified into three main categories (recognition and effectiveness of playing styles and contextual variables that affect them). Critically reviewing the studies, the paper concluded that: (i) factor analysis seems to be the best technique among inductive statistics; (ii) artificial intelligence (AI) opens new horizons in performance analysis, and (iii) there is a need for further research on the effectiveness of different playing styles, as well as on the impact of contextual variables on them.

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