e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

    Decrements of mobility and power in recreationally active septuagenarians is related to loss of force, but not slowing of the muscle: a 5-year longitudinal study

    Cameron, James ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1183-0184, McPhee, Jamie S, Jones, David A and Degens, Hans ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7399-4841 (2023) Decrements of mobility and power in recreationally active septuagenarians is related to loss of force, but not slowing of the muscle: a 5-year longitudinal study. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 123 (6). pp. 1369-1379. ISSN 1439-6319

    [img]
    Preview
    Published Version
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (1MB) | Preview

    Abstract

    A lesser 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and timed up-and-go (TUG) in old compared with young adults was previously linked to slowing of muscle contractile properties. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether any further reductions in 6MWD and TUG over a 5-year period in septuagenarians are associated with further slowing of muscle contractile properties. We measured muscle function by a countermovement jump, isometric maximal knee extensor strength (MVC) on a dynamometer and quadriceps muscle size by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 17 older women (71.1 ± 2.8 y) and 17 older men (71.3 ± 4.1y). Performance in TUG and 6MWD were reduced over the 5-year period, irrespective of sex (P < 0.001), and both were correlated with power at both baseline and follow-up (R ≥ 0.53; P ≤ 0.001). Jump take-off velocity (V<sub>CMJ</sub>) was slower at follow-up (P < 0.01) and correlated with 6MWD and TUG at both baseline and follow-up in both sexes (R ≥ 0.54; P ≤ 0.001). However, the relationship between 'body mass: maximal muscle force ratio' with V<sub>CMJ</sub> was not significantly changed, indicating that the lower V<sub>CMJ</sub> was attributable to muscles working at a higher relative load, hence a lower part of the force-velocity relationship, due to a reduction in MVC (body mass had not changed significantly), rather than slowing of the muscle. The lower V<sub>CMJ</sub> in women than men (P < 0.001) was likewise attributable to a lower MVC rather than slower contractile properties in women. In conclusion, the decrement in 6MWD and TUG in septuagenarians is due to a loss of muscle mass, rather than further loss of muscle quality.

    Impact and Reach

    Statistics

    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    213Downloads
    6 month trend
    97Hits

    Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

    Altmetric

    Repository staff only

    Edit record Edit record