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    Anxiety and sleep quality among front-line nurses treating first wave COVID-19 in China: The mediating role of mindfulness

    Liu, X, Xu, Y, Xu, H, Jiang, L, Wang, T, Chen, C, Lee, A ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1378-3123 and Zhu, P (2022) Anxiety and sleep quality among front-line nurses treating first wave COVID-19 in China: The mediating role of mindfulness. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 41. pp. 341-347. ISSN 0883-9417

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    Abstract

    AIM: To explore anxiety, sleep quality, and mindfulness of frontline nurses at the initial epicenter of the pandemic, to examine the mediating effects of mindfulness. BACKGROUND: COVID-19 was first identified in Wuhan, China in January 2020. Nurses were at the forefront of care and treatment across hospitals in response to the pandemic. METHODS: Single site cross-sectional survey conducted in Wuhan province (China) between March and April in 2020. Quantitative analysis of survey data from N118 nurses working in the frontline COVID response. Questionnaires included: The general information questionnaire, the Self-Anxiety Scale, the Short Inventory of Mindfulness, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. RESULTS: Front-line nurses' anxiety was positively associated with sleep quality and mindfulness was negatively associated with anxiety and sleep quality. Mindfulness had a mediating role on anxiety and sleep quality, with intermediary adjustment effects (ES = 0.136, 95 % CI 0.02 to 0.26), accounting for 21.9 % of the total effect ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety causes a reduction in sleep quality and mindfulness can help with anxiety. Mindfulness strategies may help during periods of higher anxiety in the workplace; however, other factors must be considered. Further research is required on strategies for assisting nurses during periods of extreme anxiety.

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