Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

    Fuzz-ClustNet: Coupled fuzzy clustering and deep neural networks for Arrhythmia detection from ECG signals

    Kumar, S, Mallik, A, Kumar, A ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4263-7168, Ser, JD and Yang, G (2023) Fuzz-ClustNet: Coupled fuzzy clustering and deep neural networks for Arrhythmia detection from ECG signals. Computers in Biology and Medicine, 153. p. 106511. ISSN 0010-4825

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    Electrocardiogram (ECG) is a widely used technique to diagnose cardiovascular diseases. It is a non-invasive technique that represents the cyclic contraction and relaxation of heart muscles. ECG can be used to detect abnormal heart motions, heart attacks, heart diseases, or enlarged hearts by measuring the heart's electrical activity. Over the past few years, various works have been done in the field of studying and analyzing the ECG signals to detect heart diseases. In this work, we propose a deep learning and fuzzy clustering (Fuzz-ClustNet) based approach for Arrhythmia detection from ECG signals. We started by denoising the collected ECG signals to remove errors like baseline drift, power line interference, motion noise, etc. The denoised ECG signals are then segmented to have an increased focus on the ECG signals. We then perform data augmentation on the segmented images to counter the effects of the class imbalance. The augmented images are then passed through a CNN feature extractor. The extracted features are then passed to a fuzzy clustering algorithm to classify the ECG signals for their respective cardio diseases. We ran intensive simulations on two benchmarked datasets and evaluated various performance metrics. The performance of our proposed algorithm was compared with several recently proposed algorithms for heart disease detection from ECG signals. The obtained results demonstrate the efficacy of our proposed approach as compared to other contemporary algorithms.

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