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    From the fringes to the State: the transformation of the Falange into a State Party

    Penalba-Sotorrio, Mercedes ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2774-7556 (2020) From the fringes to the State: the transformation of the Falange into a State Party. In: Beyond the Fascist Century: essays in honour of Roger Griffin. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, pp. 213-234. ISBN 9783030468316 (ebook); 9783030468309 (hardback); 9783030468330 (softcover)

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    The early years of the Francoist regime saw the rise to power of the Falange Española. A fascist and minority party in the times of the Second Republic, the Falange grew rapidly and exponentially after the outbreak of the war, soon seeing itself at the helm of the single party established in April 1937. The Falange was transformed into a conduit between state and society, and the only channel for the participation of the people in the construction and development of the New State until 1945. This transformation, which owed as much to the civil war and Spanish peculiarities, as to the interactions between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, entailed its necessary bureaucratisation but it did not imply its complete de-politicisation. Therefore, this essay contends, the party’s importance to the construction of the regime cannot be dismissed simply as a failed attempt to instate a fascist dictatorship in Spain. Moreover, if, as Glenda Sluga has argued, the Spanish Civil War was one of ‘the most obvious examples of transnational links in the history of interwar fascism and anti-fascism’, it seems necessary to explore the Spanish case within a broader European context, if we want to properly understand the post-liberal departure of the 1930–1940s.

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