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    Novel and highly stable strategy for the development of microfluidic enzymatic assays based on the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into cotton threads

    Fedalto, L, de Oliveira, PR, Agustini, D, Kalinke, C, Banks, CE ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0756-9764, Bergamini, MF and Marcolino-Junior, LH (2023) Novel and highly stable strategy for the development of microfluidic enzymatic assays based on the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into cotton threads. Talanta, 252. p. 123889. ISSN 0039-9140

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    Abstract

    The use of biological components in the development of new methods of analysis and point-of-care (POC) devices is an ever-expanding theme in analytical chemistry research, due to the immense potential for early diagnosis of diseases and monitoring of biomarkers. In the present work, the evaluation of an electrochemical microfluidic device based on the immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) enzyme into chemically treated cotton threads is described. This bioreactor was used as a channel for the build of the microfluidic device, which has allowed to use of a non-modified screen-printed electrode (SPE) as an amperometric detector. Cotton threads were treated using citric acid, and the immobilization of HRP has been performed by EDC/NHS crosslinking, connecting amine groups of the enzymes to carboxylic acids in the cellulosic structure. For the analytical evaluation, an amperometric assay for hydrogen peroxide detection was performed after the injection of H2O2 and hydroquinone (HQN) concomitantly. The enzymatic reaction consumes H2O2 leading to the formation of O-quinone, which is readily reducible at non-modified SPE. Several experimental parameters related to enzyme immobilization have been investigated and under the best set of conditions, a good analytical performance was obtained. In addition, the threads were freezer-stored and, after 12 weeks, 84% of hydrogen peroxide sensitivity was maintained, which is very reasonable for enzyme-based systems and still offers good analytical precision. Therefore, a simple and inexpensive microfluidic system was reported by crosslinking carboxylic groups to amine-containing macromolecules, suggesting a new platform for many other protein-based assays.

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