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    Evaluation of a GNSS for wave measurement and directional wave spectrum analysis

    Gu, Hanbin, Zhu, Xiaoan, Shan, Rui, Zang, Jun, Qian, Ling ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9716-2342 and Lin, Pengzhi (2023) Evaluation of a GNSS for wave measurement and directional wave spectrum analysis. Ocean Engineering, 270. p. 113683. ISSN 0029-8018

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    Wave buoys are important devices to monitor and analyze wave data for ocean and coastal engineering. A GNSS wave buoy is briefly introduced in the paper, which has high resolution to measure the buoy motion by vertical, north-south and west-east displacements and independent velocities in above three directions. Based on the displacements and velocities, statistical results, frequency spectra and directional spectra are analyzed, and results based on the displacements are compared with that from Waverider with a distance less than 6m deployed in the special sea water with the GNSS buoy. Wave profiles comparison show that GNSS buoy presented slightly large significant wave height and mean wave height due to its high sampling frequency, and resulted in smaller mean wave period than that from Waverider. Statisticaly, between the analyzing result of the GNSS and wave rider, the maximum error of wave height is about 5.5%; and the maximum difference of wave period is about 0.5s, when sampling frequency is similar. The energy spectra were basically consistent from these two devices. The peaks of directional spectra were similar but the spreading angle was smaller from GNSS. Results mean the GNSS device presents almost similar wave information to that from Waverider.

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