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    Exploring the role of the connection length of screen-printed electrodes towards the hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions

    Wuamprakhon, Phatsawit, Ferrari, Alejandro Garcia-Miranda, Crapnell, Robert D ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8701-3933, Pimlott, Jessica L, Rowley-Neale, Samuel J ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3741-4050, Davies, Trevor J, Sawangphruk, Montree and Banks, Craig E ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0756-9764 (2023) Exploring the role of the connection length of screen-printed electrodes towards the hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions. Sensors, 23 (3). p. 1360. ISSN 1424-8220

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    Abstract

    Zero-emission hydrogen and oxygen production are critical for the UK to reach net-zero greenhouse gasses by 2050. Electrochemical techniques such as water splitting (electrolysis) coupled with renewables energy can provide a unique approach to achieving zero emissions. Many studies exploring electrocatalysts need to “electrically wire” to their material to measure their performance, which usually involves immobilization upon a solid electrode. We demonstrate that significant differences in the calculated onset potential for both the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) can be observed when using screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) of differing connection lengths which are immobilized with a range of electrocatalysts. This can lead to false improvements in the reported performance of different electrocatalysts and poor comparisons between the literature. Through the use of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, uncompensated ohmic resistance can be overcome providing more accurate Tafel analysis.

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