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    Priority based dynamic spectrum management using Virtual Utility Functions in Cognitive Radio enabled Internet of Things

    Abbas, L, Shoaib, U and Bashir, AK (2022) Priority based dynamic spectrum management using Virtual Utility Functions in Cognitive Radio enabled Internet of Things. Computer Communications, 196. pp. 239-248. ISSN 0140-3664

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    Abstract

    Fast growth of wireless devices in IoT (Internet of Things), industry 5.0 and 6G cellular networks, is dealing with the challenge of spectrum scarcity and uneven utilization of available resources. To achieve Ambient Intelligence (AmI) in IoT communication network, dynamic utilization of available network resources, is a challenge faced by resource constraint IoT devices. Cognitive radio technology enables these devices to intelligently sense the free spectrum holes and smartly manage available channels opportunistically. To jointly deal with the challenge of spectrum scarcity and application specific network service provision, we propose a novel multi-attribute based two-tier framework called Cognitive Radio Efficient Spectrum Utilization (CR-ESU) which integrates the concept of Network Function Virtualization (NFV) as Virtual Utility Functions (VUFs) with cognitive radio enabled IoT devices to achieve the dynamic and flexible network services as well as spectral efficiency. The proposed framework is one of the pioneer works that incorporate the two ground breaking technologies, NFV and CRN to create a smart and flexible CR-enabled IoT network. CR-ESU also ensures the best channel selection using Dynamic Channel Reservation (DCR) scheme to decrease the channel switching rate. Continuous Time Markov Chain (CTMC) model is used for network modeling and mathematical expression formation. Promising results show the potential of CR-ESU framework to form a reconfigurable and efficient network.

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