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    Does aerobic exercise facilitate vaping and smoking cessation: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials with meta-analysis

    Darabseh, Mohammad Z, Selfe, James ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-4998, Morse, Christopher I, Aburub, Aseel and Degens, Hans ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7399-4841 (2022) Does aerobic exercise facilitate vaping and smoking cessation: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials with meta-analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (21). p. 14034. ISSN 1660-4601

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    Abstract

    Cigarette smokers try to quit using several strategies including electronic cigarette use (vaping). An alternative, easy and cheap method is exercise. However, little is known about the efficacy of aerobic exercise (AE) to augment smoking and vaping cessation. This study aimed to systematically review and discuss the reported effects of AE on long-term vaping and smoking cessation in randomized control trials (RCTs). RCTs were searched on different databases. The outcome measures included long-term vaping or smoking cessation and maximal or peak oxygen uptake (VO2max/peak) after vaping- or smoking cessation. Meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effects of AE on long-term vaping and smoking cessation, and the effects of AE on VO2max/peak. Cochrane Risk of Bias tool 2 was used to assess trials quality. Thirteen trials were included (5 high, 2 moderate and 6 low quality). Although two high quality trials revealed that 3 vigorous supervised AE sessions a week for 12 to 15 weeks increased the number of long-term successful quitters, the meta-analysis including the other trials showed that AE did not significantly increase success rate of long-term quitters. However, VO2max/peak was improved at the end of treatment. There were no trials on AE and vaping cessation. No evidence was found that AE promotes long-term smoking cessation. Nevertheless, AE improved VO2max and/or VO2peak in quitters.

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