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    Novel approach based on GQD-PHB as anchoring platform for the development of SARS-CoV-2 electrochemical immunosensor

    Martins, G, Gogola, JL, Budni, LH, Papi, MA, Bom, MAT, Budel, MLT, de Souza, EM, Müller-Santos, M, Beirão, BCB, Banks, CE, Marcolino-Junior, LH and Bergamini, MF (2022) Novel approach based on GQD-PHB as anchoring platform for the development of SARS-CoV-2 electrochemical immunosensor. Analytica Chimica Acta, 1232. p. 340442. ISSN 0003-2670

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    Abstract

    In the present work, we report an innovative approach for immunosensors construction. The experimental strategy is based on the anchoring of biological material at screen-printed carbon electrode (SPE) modified with electrodeposited Graphene Quantum Dots (GQD) and polyhydroxybutyric acid (PHB). It was used as functional substract basis for the recognition site receptor-binding domain (RBD) from coronavirus spike protein (SARS-CoV-2), for the detection of Anti-S antibodies (AbS). SEM images and EDS spectra suggest an interaction of the protein with GQD-PHB sites at the electrode surface. Differential pulse voltametric (DPV) measurements were performed before and after incubation, in presence of the target, shown a decrease in voltametric signal of an electrochemical probe ([Fe(CN)6]3/4-). Using the optimal experimental conditions, analytical curves were performed in PBS and human serum spiked with AbS showing a slight matrix effect and a relationship between voltametric signal and AbS concentration in the range of 100 ng mL−1 and 10 μg mL−1. The selectivity of the proposed sensor was tested against yellow fever antibodies (YF) and the selective layer on the electrode surface did not interact with these unspecific antibodies. Eight samples of blood serum were analyzed and 87.5% of these total investigated provided adequate results. In addition, the present approach showed better results against traditional EDC/NHS reaction with enhancements in time and the possibility to develop an immunosensor in a single drop, since the proteins can be anchored prior to the electrode modification step.

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