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    Emotional framing of NGO press releases: reformative versus radical NGOs

    Dzhengiz, Tulin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7909-6612, Barkemeyer, Ralf and Napolitano, Giulio (2021) Emotional framing of NGO press releases: reformative versus radical NGOs. Business Strategy and the Environment, 30 (5). pp. 2468-2488. ISSN 0964-4733

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    Drawing on the literature on framing, we explore the emotional framing differences in radical and reformative NGOs over time. We analyse the sentiment of a sample of 5880 press releases issued by five NGOs positioned differently on the reformative-radical spectrum and examine how they address large companies. Our findings reveal an increasing polarisation of sentiment in these NGOs' framing, with individual NGOs gravitating towards ideal-type radical or reformative positions, respectively. In alignment with the differences in their framing, we observe differences in their approaches to cross-sector partnerships. Policymakers need to note the implications of the observed polarisation for the effectiveness and credibility of cross-sector partnerships and multi-stakeholder initiatives more generally, given the risk of co-optation (for reformative NGOs) as well as the risk of foregoing significant funding and governance opportunities (for radical NGOs).

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