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    Understanding the socio-economic impacts of climate change on riparian communities in Bangladesh

    Leal Filho, Walter, Wolf, Franziska, Abubakar, Ismaila Rimi, Al‐Amin, Abul Quasem, Roy, Sajal, Malakar, Krishna, Alam, GM Monirul and Sarker, Muhammad Nazirul Islam (2022) Understanding the socio-economic impacts of climate change on riparian communities in Bangladesh. River Research and Applications, 38 (10). pp. 1884-1892. ISSN 1535-1459

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    Abstract

    Riparian communities in developing countries such as Bangladesh, whose livelihoods depend especially on fisheries and other subsistence activities, are under considerable pressure due to climate change. Therefore, there is a need to better understand how the dynamics of riparian communities are influenced by climate change and how its impacts can be assessed. Using Bangladesh as an example, this paper describes the various climate stressors affecting riparian communities and their socio-economic impacts, and it outlines some measures needed to increase their resilience to a changing climate. The results show that riparian communities are not only quite vulnerable to the impacts of climate change but also have a rather low level of resilience. This challenge can, at least in part, be attributed to their fragile living conditions, which intensify the socio-economic impacts of extreme events. One lesson from the paper is that handling climate-induced risks in riparian communities requires implementing strategic measures to improve local climate and livelihood resilience, such as effective public health infrastructure and a resilient built environment. Win-win scenarios comprise strategies that offer multiple benefits including better water storage, flood control, and improved riparian habitats.

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