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Prevalence and correlates of bullying in physiotherapy education in Nigeria

Mbada, Chidozie Emmanuel, Ogunseun, Idowu Phebean, Fasuyi, Francis Oluwafunso, Adegbemigun, Oluwafemi David, Fatoye, Clara Toyin, Idowu, Opeyemi Ayodiipo, Johnson, Olubusola Esther, Odole, Adesola Christiana, Okonji, Adaobi Margaret, Kaka, Bashir and Fatoye, Francis ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7976-2013 (2020) Prevalence and correlates of bullying in physiotherapy education in Nigeria. BMC Medical Education, 20 (1). p. 112. ISSN 1472-6920

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Abstract

Background: Bullying is an unexpressed part and parcel of medical education but it is largely unexplored in physiotherapy. This study assessed the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of bullying in physiotherapy education in Nigeria. Methods: Two hundred and nineteen clinical physiotherapy students from three purposively selected Federal Universities in Nigeria participated in this study. Following a cross-sectional design, the Students Perception of Professor Bullying Questionnaire (SPPBQ) was used to obtain information on bullying. The SPPBQ includes a working definition of lecturer bullying followed by other sections inquiring about lecturers bullying experiences. Data was collected on socio-demographic characteristics, bullying experiences and availability of adequate policy and support on bullying. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used analyze data. Alpha level was set at p < 0.05. Results: Lifetime and point prevalence of bullying in physiotherapy education were 98.6 and 99.1%. 94.5% of the respondents had witnessed physiotherapy students bullying and there was a 100% rate of 'no attempt' to stop a physiotherapy lecturer from bullying. 38.4 and 44.7% of the respondents believed there was adequate school policy and support available on bullying. There was no significant association between bullying and each of age (í2 = 0.117, p = 0.943), gender (í2 = 0.001, p = 0.974), level of study (í2 = 0.000, p = 0.995) and any specific university (í2 = 1.343, p = 0.511). Conclusion: There is high lifetime and point prevalence of bullying in physiotherapy education in Nigeria, which are largely unchallenged or redressed. Being a clinical physiotherapy student ordinarily predisposes to bullying without necessary contributions of intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

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