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The denture microbiome in health and disease: an exploration of a unique community

Redfern, J ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0958-683X, Tosheva, L, Malic, S, Butcher, M, Ramage, G and Verran, J ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5539-6896 (2022) The denture microbiome in health and disease: an exploration of a unique community. Letters in Applied Microbiology. ISSN 0266-8254

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Abstract

The United Nations suggests the global population of denture wearers (an artificial device that acts as a replacement for teeth) is likely to rise significantly by the year 2050. Dentures become colonized by microbial biofilms, the composition of which is influenced by complex factors such as patient’s age and health, and the nature of the denture material. Since colonization (and subsequent biofilm formation) by some micro-organisms can significantly impact the health of the denture wearer, the study of denture microbiology has long been of interest to researchers. The specific local and systemic health risks of denture plaque are different from those of dental plaque, particularly with respect to the presence of the opportunist pathogen Candida albicans and various other nonoral opportunists. Here, we reflect on advancements in our understanding of the relationship between micro-organisms, dentures, and the host, and highlight how our growing knowledge of the microbiome, biofilms, and novel antimicrobial technologies may better inform diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of denture-associated infections, thereby enhancing the quality and longevity of denture wearers.

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