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    Impact of methionine restriction on muscle aerobic metabolism and hypertrophy in young and old mice on an obesogenic diet

    Swaminathan, Anandini, Cesanelli, Leonardo, Venckunas, Tomas and Degens, Hans ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7399-4841 (2022) Impact of methionine restriction on muscle aerobic metabolism and hypertrophy in young and old mice on an obesogenic diet. Growth Factors, 40 (3-4). pp. 108-118. ISSN 0897-7194

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    Abstract

    Methionine restriction (MR) reduces inflammation and increases longevity. We studied the effects of MR (0.17% kCal methionine, 10% kCal fat) and MR + high-fat diet (HFD) (0.17% methionine, 45% kCal fat) and overload-induced hypertrophy on inflammation, angiogenesis and mitochondrial activity in the hind-limb muscle in 10- and 26-month-old male C57BL/6J mice. Plasma IL-6 concentrations were higher in old compared to young mice. M. plantaris hypertrophy was accompanied by increased p-Akt, without a significant change in Akt and VEGF levels. In young mice on a HFD or MR + HFD diet the SDH activity was higher than in those from mice on other diets, irrespective of overload. There were no significant differences in total NAD concentration in the m. gastrocnemius. MR enhanced the skeletal muscle hypertrophic response in old age that was accompanied with an increase in p-Akt without significant changes in muscle oxidative capacity, low-grade systemic inflammation, NAD, VEGF or Akt levels.

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