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Acute cardiometabolic effects of brief active breaks in sitting for patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Pinto, AJ, Meireles, K, Peçanha, T, Mazzolani, BC, Smaira, FI, Rezende, D, Benatti, FB, Ribeiro, ACM, Pinto, ALS, Lima, FR, Shinjo, SK, Dantas, WS, Mellett, NA, Meikle, PJ, Owen, N, Dunstan, DW, Roschel, H and Gualano, B (2021) Acute cardiometabolic effects of brief active breaks in sitting for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 321 (6). E782-E794. ISSN 0193-1849

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File will be available on: 1 December 2022.

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Abstract

Exercise is a treatment in rheumatoid arthritis, but participation in moderate-to-vigorous exercise is challenging for some patients. Light-intensity breaks in sitting could be a promising alternative. We compared the acute effects of active breaks in sitting with those of moderate-to-vigorous exercise on cardiometabolic risk markers in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. In a crossover fashion, 15 women with rheumatoid arthritis underwent three 8-h experimental conditions: prolonged sitting (SIT), 30-min bout of moderate-to-vigorous exercise followed by prolonged sitting (EX), and 3-min bouts of light-intensity walking every 30 min of sitting (BR). Postprandial glucose, insulin, c-peptide, triglycerides, cytokines, lipid classes/subclasses (lipidomics), and blood pressure responses were assessed. Muscle biopsies were collected following each session to assess targeted proteins/genes. Glucose [-28% in area under the curve (AUC), P = 0.036], insulin (-28% in AUC, P = 0.016), and c-peptide (-27% in AUC, P = 0.006) postprandial responses were attenuated in BR versus SIT, whereas only c-peptide was lower in EX versus SIT (-20% in AUC, P = 0.002). IL-1b decreased during BR, but increased during EX and SIT (P = 0.027 and P = 0.085, respectively). IL-1ra was increased during EX versus BR (P = 0.002). TNF-a concentrations decreased during BR versus EX (P = 0.022). EX, but not BR, reduced systolic blood pressure (P = 0.013). Lipidomic analysis showed that 7 of 36 lipid classes/subclasses were significantly different between conditions, with greater changes being observed in EX. No differences were observed for protein/gene expression. Brief active breaks in sitting can offset markers of cardiometabolic disturbance, which may be particularly useful for patients who may find it difficult to adhere to exercise.

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