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    The impact of ownership structure and corporate governance on capital structure decisions in the UAE

    Elgammal, Mohammed M and Al-Najjar, Basil ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2753-7142 (2022) The impact of ownership structure and corporate governance on capital structure decisions in the UAE. International Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation, 18 (1). pp. 28-48. ISSN 1740-8008

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates how ownership and corporate governance influence the capital structure decisions within an emerging market context, namely the United Arab Emirates (UAE) from 2008 to 2019. We employ panel models as well as the Two Stages Least Squares (2SLS) technique. Our reported results show that board structure has a negative effect on capital structure decisions. We also detect a positive impact of institutional ownership and managerial ownership on capital structure, while government ownership is inversely associated to capital structure. Finally, we report that profitability negatively affects a firm's capital structure. Thus, we argue that the main determinants of capital structure reported in the developed markets literature do hold in the UAE settings. Accordingly, this study contributes to previous studies in the capital structure context and adds to its puzzle by introducing new insights into the capital structure choice in a free tax environment.

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