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Comparison of beam theories for characterisation of a NREL wind turbine blade flap-wise vibration

Algolfat, Amna, Wang, Weizhou ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-4011 and Albarbar, Alhussein ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1484-8224 (2022) Comparison of beam theories for characterisation of a NREL wind turbine blade flap-wise vibration. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A: Journal of Power and Energy. ISSN 0957-6509

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Abstract

Offshore wind turbine blades significantly differ from their onshore counterparts. With the increasing sizes, the hostile weather operational conditions, and the need to protect them against damage and breakdown, structural dynamics analysis is an essential and popular approach. An accurate and computationally simple model is desirable in the application of online structural health monitoring. For example using a digital twin of such structure. Free vibration investigation is a fundamental step for the analysis of structural dynamics. When a rotating blade deflects either in the plane of rotation or perpendicular to it, the centrifugal force on each blade exerts inertia force along the blade span, which has the effect of stiffening the blade and, as a result increasing the natural frequencies compared with the stationary ones. However, the influence of different blade parameters on the flap-wise vibrations is not very well understood. In this paper, the blade of horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) is modelled using different beam theories to pursue the effect of adding the different parameters on the dynamic modal characteristics. The examined models have been used to determine the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 5-MW wind turbine. Results demonstrate that increasing angular velocity has a significant impact on the natural frequencies and mode shapes. The rotary inertia is found to impact the free vibration responses of the studied blades. Moreover, increasing hub radius, pre-cone and pitch angles are found to have less influence on the natural frequencies. Compared to the other investigated methods, Bernoulli’s based algorithms are found to produce less accurate results.

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