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Impact of acute dynamic exercise and arterial shear rate modification on radial artery low-flow mediated constriction in young men

Alali, Mohammad H, Lucas, Rebekah AI, Junejo, Rehan T ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0670-8339 and Fisher, James P (2022) Impact of acute dynamic exercise and arterial shear rate modification on radial artery low-flow mediated constriction in young men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. ISSN 1439-6319

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Abstract

Purpose Leg cycling exercise acutely augments radial artery low-flow mediated constriction (L-FMC). Herein, we sought to determine whether this is associated with exercise-induced changes in arterial shear rate (SR). Methods Ten healthy and recreationally active young men (23 ± 2 years) participated in 30 min of incremental leg cycling exercise (50, 100, 150 Watts). Trials were repeated with (Exercise + WC) and without (Exercise) the use of a wrist cuff (75 mmHg) placed distal to the radial artery to increase local retrograde SR while reducing mean and anterograde SR. Radial artery characteristics were measured throughout the trial, and L-FMC and flow mediated dilatation (FMD) were assessed before and acutely (~ 10 min) after leg cycling. Results Exercise increased radial artery mean and anterograde SR, along with radial artery diameter, velocity, blood flow and conductance (P < 0.05). Exercise + WC attenuated the exercise-induced increase in mean and anterograde SR (P > 0.05) but also increased retrograde SR (P < 0.05). In addition, increases in radial artery blood flow and diameter were reduced during Exercise + WC (Exercise + WC vs. Exercise, P < 0.05). After Exercise, L-FMC was augmented (− 4.4 ± 1.4 vs. − 13.1 ± 1.6%, P < 0.05), compared to no change in L-FMC after Exercise + WC (− 5.2 ± 2.0 vs. − 3.0 ± 1.6%, P > 0.05). In contrast, no change in FMD was observed in either Exercise or Exercise + WC trials (P > 0.05). Conclusions These findings indicate that increases in L-FMC following exercise are abolished by the prevention of increases radial artery diameter, mean and anterograde SR, and by elevation of retrograde SR, during exercise in young men.

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