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Prevalence and prognostic significance of DNMT3A- and TET2- clonal haematopoiesis-driver mutations in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Wang, Shengfang, Hu, Sining, Luo, Xing, Bao, Xiaoyi, Li, Ji, Liu, Minghao, Lv, Ying, Zhao, Chen, Zeng, Ming, Chen, Xi, Unsworth, Amanda ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3809-5984, Jones, Sarah, Johnson, Thomas W, White, Stephen J, Jia, Haibo and Yu, Bo (2022) Prevalence and prognostic significance of DNMT3A- and TET2- clonal haematopoiesis-driver mutations in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. EBioMedicine, 78. p. 103964. ISSN 2352-3964

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Abstract

Background Clonal haematopoiesis driven by mutations in DNMT3A or TET2 has recently been identified as a new risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Experimental studies suggest that these mutations may enhance inflammation which accelerates the disease progression. We aim to investigate the prevalence of mutations in DNMT3A and TET2 and their association with prognosis of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods Targeted deep sequencing for DNMT3A and TET2 and inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, INF-γ) were analyzed in 485 patients with STEMI. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or hospitalization due to heart failure. Findings Patients carrying DNMT3A- or TET2-CH-driver mutations with a variant allele frequency (VAF) ≥2% were found in 12.4% (60 of 485) of STEMI patients and experienced an increased incidence of the death (30.9% vs 15.5%, P = 0.001) and MACE (44.5% vs 21.8%, P < 0.001) compared to those who did not, during a median follow up of 3.0 (interquartile range: 2.4–3.4) years. After adjusting for confounders, mutation remained an independent predictor of death (HR = 1.967, 95% CI 1.103–3.507, P = 0.022) and MACE (HR = 1.833, 95% CI 1.154–2.912, P = 0.010). Concentrations of plasma IL-1β (P = 0.010) and IL-6 (P = 0.011) were significantly elevated in DNMT3A/TET2 VAF≥2% group. Interpretation DNMT3A- or TET2-CH-driver mutations with a VAF≥2% were observed in over 10% STEMI patients, and were significantly associated with poorer prognosis, which might be explained by higher levels of inflammatory cytokines in mutations carriers.

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