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LBSMT: Load Balancing Switch Migration Algorithm for Cooperative Communication Intelligent Transportation Systems

Babbar, Himanshi, Rani, Shalli, Bashir, Ali Kashif and Nawaz, Raheel ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9588-0052 (2022) LBSMT: Load Balancing Switch Migration Algorithm for Cooperative Communication Intelligent Transportation Systems. IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking. ISSN 2473-2400

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Abstract

We entered an era when the automotive industry is undergoing a digital revolution. Automobiles evolving into automated movable objects are using artificial intelligence capabilities. In contrast, cellular communications networks incorporate emerging technologies, such as SDN (software-defined networking) and NFV (network functions virtualization). Sophisticated software-defined communications networks virtualizes network functions and paving the way for the new design, monitoring, and management strategies. SDN is rising towards the application of load balancing for real time applications due to the heavy load of data on servers. When there is intra-communication between the various switches and domains; migration of switches takes place and the load over servers is imbalanced. An imbalance of the load will increase the response time and decrease the throughput. In intelligent transportation systems (ITS) balance on the servers should be maintained for the network sustainability. To provide a solution for the requirement of ITS, a dynamic QoS-aware load balancing switch migration algorithm (LBSMT) is proposed in this paper. As per the results validated in Python, after the migration LBSWT has improved CPU utilization, memory utilization, throughput and response time over server load, round robin, weighted round robin, LBBSRT and dynamic server algorithms.

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