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    Garbage Patches and Their Environmental Implications in a Plastisphere

    Leal Filho, Walter, Hunt, Julian and Kovaleva, Marina (2021) Garbage Patches and Their Environmental Implications in a Plastisphere. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 9 (11). p. 1289.

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    This Communication reports on the increases in the sizes of garbage patches, and their environmental implications, outlining the dimensions of what is a growing problem connected with the “plastisphere”. The paper presents some data on the distribution of garbage patches in the world’s oceans and makes some predictions on future growth, which is partly associated with the future increases in worldwide plastics production. The findings demonstrate that the size of the main garbage patches is increasing, posing a threat to the environment and marine life. The paper urges for better plastic waste management to prevent it from reaching the oceans, along with concerted actions in respect of plastic collection and cleaning up the oceans, which may include new technological solutions.

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