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Smart Clothing Framework for Health Monitoring Applications

Ahsan, Mominul, Teay, Siew Hon, Muhammad Sayem, Abu Sadat ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3034-7892 and Albarbar, Alhussein ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1484-8224 (2022) Smart Clothing Framework for Health Monitoring Applications. Signals, 3 (1). p. 113.

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Abstract

Wearable technologies are making a significant impact on people’s way of living thanks to the advancements in mobile communication, internet of things (IoT), big data and artificial intelligence. Conventional wearable technologies present many challenges for the continuous monitoring of human health conditions due to their lack of flexibility and bulkiness in size. Recent development in e-textiles and the smart integration of miniature electronic devices into textiles have led to the emergence of smart clothing systems for remote health monitoring. A novel comprehensive framework of smart clothing systems for health monitoring is proposed in this paper. This framework provides design specifications, suitable sensors and textile materials for smart clothing (e.g., leggings) development. In addition, the proposed framework identifies techniques for empowering the seamless integration of sensors into textiles and suggests a development strategy for health diagnosis and prognosis through data collection, data processing and decision making. The conceptual technical specification of smart clothing is also formulated and presented. The detailed development of this framework is presented in this paper with selected examples. The key challenges in popularizing smart clothing and opportunities of future development in diverse application areas such as healthcare, sports and athletics and fashion are discussed.

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