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LAT1 and SNAT2 Protein Expression and Membrane Localization of LAT1 Are Not Acutely Altered by Dietary Amino Acids or Resistance Exercise Nor Positively Associated with Leucine or Phenylalanine Incorporation in Human Skeletal Muscle

Mazzulla, Michael, Hodson, Nathan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1330-4030, Lees, Matthew, Scaife, Paula J, Smith, Kenneth, Atherton, Philip J, Kumbhare, Dinesh and Moore, Daniel R (2021) LAT1 and SNAT2 Protein Expression and Membrane Localization of LAT1 Are Not Acutely Altered by Dietary Amino Acids or Resistance Exercise Nor Positively Associated with Leucine or Phenylalanine Incorporation in Human Skeletal Muscle. Nutrients, 13 (11). p. 3906. ISSN 2072-6643

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Abstract

The influx of essential amino acids into skeletal muscle is primarily mediated by the large neutral amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), which is dependent on the glutamine gradient generated by the sodium-dependent neutral amino acid transporter 2 (SNAT2). The protein expression and membrane localization of LAT1 may be influenced by amino acid ingestion and/or resistance exercise, although its acute influence on dietary amino acid incorporation into skeletal muscle protein has not been investigated. In a group design, healthy males consumed a mixed carbohydrate (0.75 g·kg−1) crystalline amino acid (0.25 g·kg−1) beverage enriched to 25% and 30% with LAT1 substrates L-[1-13C]leucine (LEU) and L-[ring-2H5]phenylalanine (PHE), respectively, at rest (FED: n = 7, 23 ± 5 y, 77 ± 4 kg) or after a bout of resistance exercise (EXFED: n = 7, 22 ± 2 y, 78 ± 11 kg). Postprandial muscle biopsies were collected at 0, 120, and 300 min to measure transporter protein expression (immunoblot), LAT1 membrane localization (immunofluorescence), and dietary amino acid incorporation into myofibrillar protein (ΔLEU and ΔPHE). Basal LAT1 and SNAT2 protein contents were correlated with each other (r = 0.55, p = 0.04) but their expression did not change across time in FED or EXFED (all, p > 0.05). Membrane localization of LAT1 did not change across time in FED or EXFED whether measured as outer 1.5 µm intensity or membrane-to-fiber ratio (all, p > 0.05). Basal SNAT2 protein expression was not correlated with ΔLEU or ΔPHE (all, p ≥ 0.05) whereas basal LAT1 expression was negatively correlated with ΔPHE in FED (r = −0.76, p = 0.04) and EXFED (r = −0.81, p = 0.03) but not ΔLEU (p > 0.05). Basal LAT1 membrane localization was not correlated with ΔLEU or ΔPHE (all, p > 0.05). Our results suggest that LAT1/SNAT2 protein expression and LAT1 membrane localization are not influenced by acute anabolic stimuli and do not positively influence the incorporation of dietary amino acids for de novo myofibrillar protein synthesis in healthy young males.

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