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Spatiotemporal characteristics and influencing factors of urban resilience efficiency in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, China

Lin, Yingzi, Peng, Chong, Shu, Jianfeng, Zhai, Wei and Cheng, Jianquan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9778-9009 (2022) Spatiotemporal characteristics and influencing factors of urban resilience efficiency in the Yangtze River Economic Belt, China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 29 (26). pp. 39807-39826. ISSN 0944-1344

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Abstract

Urban resilience efficiency is an important indicator to explore the relationship between resource consumption and urban resilience, shedding new light on the study of urban sustainable development. Based on the panel data of 2008, 2012, and 2017, this paper makes a spatiotemporal assessment on the urban resilience efficiency of 126 cities in the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) in China by applying an entropy weight-TOPSIS method and a slack-based measure (SBM) model. Combined with the analysis of a geographically weighted regression model (GWR), the influencing factors on resilience efficiency are also investigated. The results show that both the resource consumption index (RC, inputs) and the urban resilience index (UR, outputs) presented a steady upward trend, and their spatial distribution characteristics were similar, showing a gradual decrease from the eastern coastal cities to the central and western inland cities. Derived from inputs and outputs, the mean values of resilience efficiency index (RE) in three periods were 0.3149, 0.2906, and 0.1625, respectively, revealing that there had been a noticeable decline. Spatially, its spatial distribution has evolved from a relatively balanced pattern to an unbalanced one, showing a gradual decrease from west to east. The results of the GWR model analysis indicate that the total electricity consumption and area of construction land had a considerable correlation with the overall urban resilience of the YREB. Furthermore, total quantity of water supply and science and technology (S&T) expenditure continued to be the main driving factors on urban resilience of the upstream cities. The midstream regions mainly depended on the scale of construction land, and the influencing factors are relatively single. The influencing factors in the downstream areas have changed from dominance of resources and capital factors to the single dominance of resource factors, and total electricity consumption had a strong explanatory power. Based on these findings, we had put forward the overall and local regional policy implications.

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