Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

    Exploring the lived experiences of Singapore’s ‘opt-out’ mothers: introducing ‘Professional Motherhood’

    Kerrane, Benedict ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2114-5965, Banister, Emma and Wijaya, Hadi (2022) Exploring the lived experiences of Singapore’s ‘opt-out’ mothers: introducing ‘Professional Motherhood’. Gender, Work and Organization, 29 (3). pp. 863-879. ISSN 0968-6673

    Published Version
    Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

    Download (284kB) | Preview


    This article explores the experiences of ten educated middle-class Singaporean women who act in contrast to the state’s neoliberal focus on continuous employment, opting-out of full-time professional work to intensively parent their children. Using the theoretical lens of intensive motherhood and a qualitative longitudinal approach, we explore how these women legitimise their position, highlighting a culturally specific performance of motherhood (‘Professional Motherhood’). Professional motherhood enrols elements of former professional identities and skillsets into everyday motherhood, performed through three strategies: positioning, productive and practicing motherhood. We contribute to existing literature by demonstrating that culturally informed variations of motherhood exist beyond the (largely Western) dominant lens of intensive motherhood ideology. Professional motherhood is experienced as a radical step by women, proving partially successful in legitimising opt-out decisions. However, by incorporating and further emphasising deeply ingrained ideal worker expectations, women risk further upholding the state’s competing logics and their obligations as mothers/workers.

    Impact and Reach


    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    6 month trend

    Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.


    Repository staff only

    Edit record Edit record